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제목 War-trauma and the Failure of Franklin Hata’s Self-masking in A Gesture Life
저자 박금희 45 4
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Park, Geum Hee. War-trauma and the Failure of Franklin Hatas Self-masking in A Gesture Life. Studies in English Language & Literature 45.4 (2019): 17-38. This article examines the argument that the protagonist Franklin Hatas choices in crisis, as a Korean Japanese American, cannot be recognized only as passing or becoming a model minority for his welfare. For this purpose, we presume that Hatas war-trauma involving the Korean comfort woman Kkutaehs gang-rape and brutal death at the hands of Japanese soldiers in the Pacific War has caused him to suffer from PTSDs, such as hypochondria, amnesia, and haunting vision of his beloved Kkutaeh. Hatas abnormal psychology will be closely examined from a Freudian viewpoint. The findings can be summed up as follows: First, Hatas war-trauma cannot be easily overcome due to its severity. Second, this trauma causes Hata to fail in both parenthood and love, as revealed through the failure of Hatas gestural life as a model minority; all his efforts to hide painful memories are useless. In the Freudian perspective, Hatas painful memories wounded his psychic organ and repeatedly reinjure him whenever he faces reminders of the traumatic events. Here, one of the reminders is his adopted daughter Sunny. That is, his obsession with success and masquerade as a good man cannot be considered as passing, model minority complex, or gestural life, as other critics have suggested; his efforts to become a model minority or live a gestural life happen after he already experienced as an imperial citizen and model minority in Japan. (Chosun University)

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